By F. Stuart Chapin, Mark W. Oswood, Keith van Cleve, Leslie A. Viereck, David L. Verbyla
The boreal wooded area is the northern-most forest biome, whose common background is rooted within the impression of low temperature and high-latitude. Alaska's boreal wooded area is now warming as speedily because the remainder of Earth, offering an unparalleled examine how this cold-adapted, fire-prone woodland adjusts to alter. This quantity synthesizes present knowing of the ecology of Alaska's boreal forests and describes their exact gains within the context of circumpolar and worldwide styles. It tells how fireplace and weather contributed to the biome's present dynamics. As weather warms and permafrost (permanently frozen flooring) thaws, the boreal wooded area will be at the cusp of an enormous switch in nation. The editors have amassed a amazing set of participants to debate this quick environmental and biotic transformation. Their chapters disguise the homes of the wooded area, the alterations it's present process, and the demanding situations those changes current to boreal wooded area managers. within the first part, the reader can take in the geographic and ancient context for figuring out the boreal wooded area. The e-book then delves into the dynamics of plant and animal groups inhabiting this woodland, and the biogeochemical methods that hyperlink those organisms. within the final part the authors discover panorama phenomena that function at higher temporal and spatial scales and integrates the approaches defined in previous sections. a lot of the examine on which this booklet is predicated effects from the Bonanza Creek long term Ecological examine software. here's a synthesis of the colossal literature on Alaska's boreal wooded area that are supposed to be obtainable to expert ecologists, scholars, and the public.
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Additional info for Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest (The Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series)
D. Schweger, and S. B. Young, editors. 1982. Paleoecology of Beringia. Academic Press, New York. Muhs, D. , T. A. Ager, and J. Begét. 2001. Vegetation and paleoclimate of the last interglacial period, central Alaska. Quaternary Science Reviews 20:41–61. Pewe, T. 1955. Origin of the upland silt near Fairbanks, Alaska. Geological Society of America Bulletin 66:699–724. Pye, K. 1987. Aeolian Dust and Dust Deposits. Academic Press, London. Thorson, R. M. 1986. The ceaseless context: Landscapes in the making.
The few soils studies that have been conducted in interior Alaska are concentrated near Fairbanks. Information presented in this chapter without citation is based on current United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) soil survey projects and Rieger et al. (1979). Soil-Forming Factors and Pedogenesis Soils develop through an interaction of four processes: (1) the addition of materials, such as leaf litter, to the soil, (2) transformation of these materials to new forms within the system, (3) vertical transfer up or down the soil profile, and (4) loss of materials from the system (Simonson 1959).
Soils and forest growth on different aspects in the Tanana watershed of interior Alaska. Ecology 40:492–495. Lerbekmo, J. , and F. A. Campbell. 1969. Distribution, composition, and source of the White River Ash, Yukon Territory. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 6:109–116. Michaelson, G. , and C. L. Ping. 2003. Soil organic carbon and CO2 respiration at subzero temperature in soils of arctic Alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research 108(D2), 8164 ALT 5–1–5–10. Moore, J. , and C. L. Ping. 1989. Classification of permafrost soils.