By David R. Morrison
Aid and Ebb Tide: A historical past of CIDA and Canadian improvement Assistance examines Canada’s combined list considering the fact that 1950 in moving over $50 billion in capital and services to constructing nations via ODA. It focuses particularly at the Canadian foreign improvement employer (CIDA), the association mainly liable for providing Canada’s improvement suggestions. Aid and Ebb Tide demands a renewed and reformed Canadian dedication to improvement co-operation at a time whilst the distance among the world’s richest and poorest has been widening alarmingly and thousands are nonetheless being born into poverty and human lack of confidence.
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Extra info for Aid and Ebb Tide: A History of CIDA and Canadian Development Assistance
All of these factors, together with severe budget cuts in recent years, help to explain why Canadian ODA, amid undoubted successes, has fallen short in helping the world's poorest people and countries. Chapter 2 The Early Years, 1950-66 D seat to diplomacy and security in Canada's postwar international relaDevelopment assistance to the emerging Third World at first took a back tions. The Cold War, fear of Soviet expansion, American leadership of the Western alliance, the decline of Britain, European reconstruction, NATO, the UN, and the Commonwealth defined the main preoccupations of Canadian foreign policy during what is often portrayed as a golden age of liberal internationalism.
For example, UK ODA has been able to rely heavily on the overseas network of the British Council to support technical cooperation, and has thus had less need for devolution to the private and voluntary sectors. Early on, UK ODA developed considerable expertise in macro-economic analysis. In contrast, while CIDA built up in-house sectoral expertise (since diminished), it has had more of a generalist tradition associated with operational details of project implementation and, more recently, with management of contracts for executing agencies.
Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, and other excolonial powers concentrated efforts largely within their former colonial empires and spheres of influence. Japan, the Nordic countries, Australia, and other large and small donors tended to specialize along regional or ideological lines. In contrast, Canada's global reach across Asia, Africa, and the Americas has resembled that of a superpower and a major power—the United States and Germany—but without approaching cither's economic clout or international political interests.