Accident Prone: A History of Technology, Psychology, and by John Burnham

By John Burnham

Know-how calls for uniformity from people who stumble upon it. humans encountering expertise, even if, range from each other. Thinkers within the early 20th century, looking at the grim results of interactions among people and machines—death through autos or dismemberment by means of manufacturing facility equipment, for example—developed the assumption of coincidence proneness: the tendency of a selected individual to have extra injuries than most folk. In tracing this idea from its delivery to its disappearance on the finish of the 20th century, twist of fate companies deals a special historical past of expertise centred no longer on techniques yet on their accidental consequences.Here, John C. Burnham indicates that because the desktop period stepped forward, the actual and financial effect of injuries coevolved with the increase of the assurance and traits in twentieth-century psychology. After global struggle I, psychologists decided that a few everyone is extra twist of fate providers than others. This designation signaled a shift in social procedure towards minimizing injuries by means of diverting specific humans clear of risky environments. via the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies, even if, the belief of twist of fate proneness steadily declined, and engineers built new applied sciences to guard each person, thereby introducing a hidden, yet radical, egalitarianism.            mendacity on the intersection of the background of know-how, the heritage of drugs and psychology, and environmental background, coincidence companies is an formidable highbrow research of the beginning, progress, and decline of an idea that may curiosity somebody who needs to appreciate how Western societies have grappled with the human charges of contemporary existence. (20091217)

Show description

Read Online or Download Accident Prone: A History of Technology, Psychology, and Misfits of the Machine Age PDF

Similar health & safety books

Bretherick's handbook of reactive chemical hazards: an indexed guide to published data

* contains ever chemical for which documented info on reactive dangers has been came upon * Covers over 5000 parts and compounds * presents broad move referencing all through either sections which hyperlinks related compounds or incidents no longer evidently similar

Ergonomics for Beginners: A Quick Reference Guide, Third Edition

Loaded with info at the layout of labor structures, places of work, and workstations in addition to human anthropometics, Ergonomics for novices: a brief Reference advisor, 3rd version presents an invaluable fast reference and precious device for newbies and skilled execs alike. protecting the gains that made every one earlier version a bestseller, the authors have meticulously revised the knowledge to handle fast advancements in info and communications know-how, supplying ergonomics suggestion on issues similar to instant, distant, and hands-free controls, web design, cellular interplay, and digital workplaces.

Hazardous Materials Field Guide

Completely up-to-date for the second one variation, this booklet presents serious details for emergency responders at the scene of an incident. even if the incident includes dangerous fabrics, a clandestine laboratory, terrorism or a constrained area operation, this straightforward source contains details that's in keeping with the challenge of all organisations.

Patient Handling in the Healthcare Sector: A Guide for Risk Management with MAPO Methodology (Movement and Assistance of Hospital Patients)

Health center employees and caregivers are usually uncovered to biomechanical overload hazard, quite at backbone and shoulder level—a danger issue that may proceed to upward thrust with the innovative getting older of the inhabitants. sufferer dealing with within the Healthcare zone: A advisor for probability administration with MAPO technique (Movement and suggestions of health center sufferers) info the research of sufferer dealing with possibility utilizing the MAPO procedure in numerous components of healthcare and is helping you strengthen techniques to mitigate them.

Additional resources for Accident Prone: A History of Technology, Psychology, and Misfits of the Machine Age

Example text

Safety instruction and propaganda did work, he pointed out, as other writers had already shown in the psychotechnology literature. 30 These publications out of Marbe’s Würzburg institute and by the railway official who heard Marbe speak suggest that, by 1930, a small but substantial literature existed on Marbe’s theory. The authors cited not only Marbe but each other. Sometimes the influence went further. As early as 1927, Fritz Giese of Stuttgart in a textbook on business and industrial psychology mentioned Marbe’s theory in a short section on industrial accidents, noting that accidents and personality were connected in a regular way susceptible of investigation.

So there was not only a person who was clumsy but those who were “awkward,” “uncoordinated,” “gawky,” “bumbling,” “butterfingered,” and so on. 35 Not surprisingly, clumsiness has equivalents in languages other than English, and assembling versions of a precursor concept reveals that clumsiness represents a deficiency or decrement in the clumsy person. The idea of accident proneness, by contrast, had an additive connotation not commonly found in other pathological syndromes of that time. Bilingual colleagues and dictionaries, particularly historical dictionaries, disclose some basics inherent in this predecessor idea, clumsiness.

33 The idea is not even listed in German- or English-language dictionaries of the history of ideas. 34 In 2006, however, Judith Peters provided a chapter of background history of the recently defined clinical syndrome, developmental coordination disorder, focusing on sensorimotor or movement dysfunction. She points out that lay language has consistently overlapped with efforts of professionals to find terms that correspond with “the familiar temporary experience of motor difficulty” and the difficulties confronted by clinicians.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.46 of 5 – based on 6 votes