By Brian Rappert, Caitriona McLeish
Web of Prevention offers a well timed contribution to the present debate approximately lifestyles technological know-how examine and its implications for protection. it truly is an informative consultant for either specialists and the general public. it's a forward-looking contribution masking either ends of the equation and creates momentum for the present dialogue on potent preventive measures and powerful keep watch over measures. whereas there are not any promises for fighting misuse, there are still the most important steps the realm group can take in the direction of the overarching aim of a world community for the lifestyles sciences. This booklet sheds mild on concrete steps towards the fulfillment of this valuable aim.
"This e-book with its number of essays offers an in-depth research of many of the together reinforcing parts that jointly create and develop an online of prevention - or of coverage - that's very important to make sure that the advances within the lifestyles sciences aren't misused to reason damage. All these engaged within the lifestyles sciences and in coverage making in governments around the globe may still learn this booklet to allow them to take steps to reinforce the internet combating organic weapons".
From the Foreword through Dr Gabriele Kraatz-Wadsack, leader, guns of Mass Destruction department, workplace for Disarmament Affairs, United Nations.
"Since September eleven, 2001 in lots of international locations renewed consciousness has been given to how learn within the existence sciences could inadvertently or deliberately facilitate the advance of organic or chemical guns. This cutting-edge quantity examines the entire volume of the problems and debates. assurance comprises an summary of modern medical achievements in virology, microbiology, immunology and genetic engineering as a way to asking how they could facilitate the construction of guns of mass destruction by means of country, sub-state or terrorist firms. attention is given to what now we have and have not discovered from the previous. using either educational research and reflections through practitioners, the e-book examines the security-inspired governance regimes for the lifestyles sciences which are below improvement. eventually the authors study what's required to shape a entire and practicable internet of prevention and spotlight the significance of encouraging discussions among scientists, coverage makers and others in regards to the governance of significant yet probably risky research".
Dr Graham S. Pearson, vacationing Professor of overseas defense, collage of Bradford, united kingdom and formerly Director-General, Chemical and organic Defence institution, united kingdom
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Additional resources for A web of prevention : biological weapons, life sciences and the governance of research
Office of Biotechnology Activities National Institutes of Health, 2004) The NSABB has established a committee on ‘dual use’ that is considering defining dual use research of concern for the life sciences as: • • • • research with agents that posses a high biological threat potential; research that could increase the potential of an agent to do harm; research that could enhance the susceptibility of a host to harm; and/or research in enabling technologies and facilitating information that may be misused to pose a biologic threat to public health and/or national security (Kasper, 2005).
3 ‘No, unless …’: no, we must not do it unless we can justify it and these are the requirements for justification. 4 ‘Yes, but …’: yes, we may do it, but not if certain circumstances prevail. You might think that it does not matter which of those we favour, and that is true where the ethical answer is relatively clear. But where we are equally doubtful about which of two courses of action to take, these two presumptions give polar opposite results. In such situations, a ‘no, unless’ presumption means that we may not proceed.
Scientists, physicians, other researchers and scientific institutions who fail to act ethically are at high risk of losing the respect of their peers and the respect and trust of society as a whole, which would have harmful consequences not only for them, but also for scientific research and for all people and institutions engaged in science and society. Some breaches of ethics can concurrently constitute contravention of existing 3213 J&J A Web of Prevention 26 • • 31/8/07 2:40 pm Page 26 A Web of Prevention law.