A History of Wales 1906-2000 (University of Wales Press - by D. Gareth Evans

By D. Gareth Evans

This article goals to hide 4 major zone of switch in the course of the twentieth century: the political scene, social adjustments, financial advancements and tradition and academic gains. The booklet is split into major chronological sections: the 1st half examines the interval from 1900-1945; whereas the second one strains the alterations in Welsh background from 1945 to 2000. every one bankruptcy is sub-divided to make studying more uncomplicated.

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Eventually, the Welsh School of Social Service was established as a joint venture between Independents and Baptists, its purpose being to discuss social problems from a Christian standpoint. The Baptist Union of Wales formed a Social Service League during its annual assembly at Mountain Ash in September 1911. In April 1912, a ‘Religion and Labour’ week was held at Cardiff to discuss the importance of the Labour movement, socialism and religion. Nonconformists realized that many of their former political aims had been achieved by the beginning of the century, but, although awakened to the plight of the working classes, they were reluctant to endorse political activity in response to the social problems of the day.

Employers complained that the reduction in working hours from 1919 to 1933 had decreased output per head. The problem of falling output resulted in the introduction of more laboursaving devices, such as excavators and cranes. Output per man at Dorothea Quarry did rise slightly between 1933 and 1938, and average daily earnings there returned slowly to their 1920 level. Costs of production in the industry rose steadily during the years 1939–45. Most of the accessible and productive rock had already been mined, with the result that quarries became deeper and the transportation costs progressively increased.

In the immediate post-war period the demand for slates surged ahead, output increased and firms profited once more. 1 Employment and output figures in the slate industry Years Number employed Total output (tons) 1919 1920 1921 1922 6604 8304 9520 9523 164098 215269 237350 231410 Wages fluctuated in response to economic oscillations within the industry. From 1920 to 1922 wages fell from 12s. 6d. per day to 9s. , whereas from 1922 to 1930 they were reasonably stable. In 1930, however, when the selling price of slate was reduced, the pressure on wages mounted, and in 1932 the 24 Part I 1906–1945 proprietors of Nantlle and Dorothea quarries requested their men to accept a 10 per cent reduction in wages.

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