A grammar sketch and lexicon of Arawak (Lokono Dian) by Pet, Willem J. A.

By Pet, Willem J. A.

Arawak (Lokono Dian), an Amerindian language within the Arawakan language relations, is comparatively undescribed. the aim of this research is to offer a common, bottom-up caricature of Arawak. It starts off with reviews at the phonology, then discusses morphology and syntax, and ends with reviews approximately discourse.

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It c. Da-there-toa-bo. 3 Noun + -da Intransitive event verbs may be derived from many nouns with the suffix -da: (83) a. Da-bode-da-bo. ’ b. L-itotolhi-da-bo. ’ These constructions are very similar to English ones such as: (84) a. He is hammering. b. He is building. 2 Stative Verbs Stative verbs are the second large class of verbs in Arawak. Unlike Arawak event verbs, stative verbs connote a state of being or an attribute of the subject. They never involve physical motion, or physical or mental activities.

That is, the basic-stem forms view an action as happening at some specifiable point or range in time and as having a starting or ending point, or both. The a-stem forms, on the other hand, emphasize the action of the verb itself as an event with duration, and neither the start nor the terminus of the action seems to be in focus. The preceding examples of the basic-stem and a-stem forms were all of intransitive verbs. However, transitive verbs also have these stem forms. For example, notice the following pairs of sentences:30 fary-fa aba (37) a.

40 Phonology and Morphology (89) a. Tabysia-ka-i. ’ b. Bora-ka-n. ’ Other than these differences, the structure of a stative verb word is the same as an event verb word. Specific affixes and their ordering may be found in Figure 8. Affixes in the same order class cannot co-occur. CONT -fa FUT -(n)bia INCH -› PAST Figure 8. Stative Verb Structure The meanings of the verb affixes when they are applied to stative verbs are much the same as their meanings when applied to event verbs (see Figure 7).

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